Dual-use items are goods, software and technology that can have both civilian and military applications. The European Union controls the export, brokering and transit of dual-use items to third countries, as well as intra-EU movements of highly sensitive dual-use items. The dual-use regime aims to prevent the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, as well as circumvention of conventional arms controls and is guided by multilateral initiatives on export control, such as the Australia Group, the Wassenaar Arrangement, the Nuclear Suppliers Group and the Missile Technology Control Regime. This VBB Insight sets out the key obligations under the dual-use framework and outlines the anticipated reform of the EU dual-use regime. Please click below to read our memorandum on the EU dual-use regime.