On 19 February 2020, the European Commission published its white paper on artificial intelligence (AI) – “A European approach to excellence and trust” (the White Paper). According to the White Paper, in simple terms, AI is a collection of technologies that combine data, algorithms and computing power for the benefit of citizens, businesses and the public interest in general. In essence, the White Paper sets out policy options on how to achieve a balance between encouraging the uptake of AI while addressing the associated risks through potential regulation. On the same day as the publication of its white paper on artificial intelligence, the European Commission unveiled a new European data strategy. With this five-year plan, the Commission wants to create a single European data space, which is a single market for data that will be open to data from across the world. The European data strategy and the white paper on artificial intelligence are the first pillars of broader policy initiatives that involve a digital strategy and a framework for the development of Artificial Intelligence.